Proofreading
The most basic service I offer is proofreading. This involves correcting errors and ensuring consistency in the following areas:

  1. Spelling
  2. Grammar
  3. Punctuation
  4. Vocabulary
  5. Style preferences
  6. Formatting

Proofreading is for text that has already been copy-edited or that is already fairly clean, providing a final check before publishing.


Proofreading

Light Editing

Light Editing involves all the elements of Proofreading, but with additional improvements to clarity and phrasing where necessary, as well as checking for consistency.

  1. Spelling
  2. Grammar
  3. Punctuation
  4. Vocabulary
  5. Style preferences
  6. Improved phrasing
  7. Editing for clarity
  8. Consistency

Light Editing is appropriate for text that has not yet been edited.

Copy-editing

Copy-editing includes everything offered in the Light Editing service (spelling, grammar, punctuation, phrasing, clarity, etc.). However, it also involves identifying anomalies and making suggestions in the following areas:

  1. The basic story
  2. Author's voice and style
  3. Points of view
  4. Dialogue

The Copy-editing service goes a little deeper, including observations on the basic story and how effectively it is being told, with suggestions for improvement where needed.

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Heavy Editing

Heavy Editing is essentially the same as the Copy-editing service, tackling all the key issues, from grammar and spelling through to phrasing, clarity, voice and dialogue. However, with Heavy Editing, there is more scope for intervention, including a certain amount of re-writing where required. This service is appropriate for writers who feel their text may require reworking on a line-by-line basis and who are open to collaborating with an editor. It is also a good option for writers whose first language is not English. Heavy Editing can also involve a certain amount of restructuring at the level of paragraphs and pages. Due to the additional work involved, the time-frames for Heavy Editing tend to be longer than for Copy-editing.

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